Wouldn’t this be an interesting expedition: Searching for the remains of this rumor?
There are remnants of three Indika (‘History of India’) from ancient Greece. The oldest is attributed to a Kteisias of Knidos (Ctesias of Cnidus) who is said to have traveled with the failed rebellion of Cyrus (the same trip as Xenophon). He gathered his account from stories the Persians told. The following is taken from the summary made by the Byzantine scholar Photius in his Bibliotheca.
(There is a translation available free here. It leaves out anything about menstruation and sex.)
Ctesias, Indica (fragments From Photius’ Bibliotheca, Codex 72 47b-48b)
Appearance, Language, and Population
“On these mountains he says there are men who have a dog’s head. They wear clothing from wild animals. They do not speak with a voice, but they bark like dogs and thus understand one another. They have larger teeth than a dog and have claws similar to them but they…
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